The US Coast Guard at 8 p.m. Sunday set Port Condition X-Ray for Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. This means the possibility of gale-force winds (39 mph) arriving from Maria, now a hurricane, within 48 hours.

Cruise lines that operate in the Caribbean, their crews, shoreside employees and passengers have been pitching in on Hurricane Irma relief in an array of ways.

According to Royal Caribbean International, Key West's government expects the destination to be open to tourism by Oct. 20. Meanwhile, though calls are canceled, the line is working to schedule a humantarian stop as part of a Cuba voyage.

Carnival Cruise Line modified three itineraries as Tropical Storm Maria strengthened into a hurricane on Sunday, menacing the storm-weary Caribbean.

Princess Cruises has been assessing eastern Caribbean ports to determine if itinerary changes are needed following Hurricane Irma, with an update expected on Sept. 18.

Even though their Miami office was temporarily closed after Hurricane Irma, seasoned cruise ship charterers Landry & Kling have been able to assist a new client with an urgent request for hurricane-relief housing and are offering their services to help others.

Though sister island Barbuda was devastated by Hurricane Irma, Antigua escaped heavy damage and the Antigua & Barbuda Tourism Authority head office in St. John's reports tour operators there are back to business and cruise ships are arriving.

Carnival Corp. & plc, the Miami Heat Charitable Fund and the Micky and Madeleine Arison Family Foundation are pledging up to $10m in funding and in-kind support for relief and rebuilding efforts in Florida and throughout the Caribbean following Hurricane Irma.

Norwegian Cruise Line's Miami-based ships are resuming their normal operations this weekend as Norwegian Sky sails Friday for the Bahamas and Norwegian Escape departs Saturday for the western Caribbean. Also, Norwegian Sky's Sept. 18 cruise to Cuba is confirmed.

Cruise the Saint Lawrence continues to urge the Canadian government to conduct an in-depth analysis of the right whale situation in the Gulf so a strategy can be implemented far ahead of the 2018 cruise season.

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