Iberocruceros now fields two ships, down from three in 2013, and Grand Celebration, which recently completed a €4.5m refurbishment, will transfer to the Costa fleet by year's end. Meanwhile, before becoming Costa Celebration, it will operate its scheduled Mediterranean program for Ibero. There's a plan for the other ship, Grand Holiday, but it hasn't been announced yet, a Costa spokesman said.
Already late last year, Iberocruceros' Grand Mistral began sailing as Costa neoRiviera following a renovation.
A source with knowledge of the companies told Seatrade Insider Iberocruceros has been a drag on Costa's performance. It will be more cost-effective to integrate operations while continuing to cultivate the Spanish market through the Costa brand.
Early last year, the companies' offices in Spain were integrated, and in April 2013, Iberocruceros gm Alfredo Serrano Chacón was succeeded by Costa's Massimo Brancaleoni.
The spokesman said Costa will tailor products to Spanish customers. He noted newbuild Costa Diadema will homeport in Barcelona year-round beginning in November, and said Costa will continue to increase calls in Spanish ports, with 6% more visits this year than in 2013. He further pointed to Carnival Corp. & plc's investment of more than €20m at the Port of Barcelona to build the new Terminal E and expand Terminal D, Palacruceros.
Iberocruceros grew out of Iberojet Cruceros, which Costa acquired, initially in a joint venture deal, in 2007. The Iberojet cruise business going into the j/v was valued at €320m, with €180m in debt, representing a net capital value of €140m. Costa owned 75% and Spanish tour operator Orizonia Corp. the balance. Costa bought out Orizonia in 2009.
While Spain was once one of the world's fastest growing cruise markets, clipping along at double-digit annual increases, that changed when the economy went sour, unemployment soared and the government tightened austerity measures.
In 2011, the country's passenger count hit a peak 703,000, then fell to 576,000 in 2012 and to 475,000 last year, a 32% decline in three years.
In the first quarter of 2013, Carnival took a $173m non-cash write-down for Iberocruceros goodwill and trademark assets, and then-vice chairman Howard Frank said Costa was changing Ibero sourcing strategies to try to get more business from beyond Spain.
Royal Caribbean's Spanish operation, Pullmantur, has been doing the same and now gets the bulk of its customers in Latin America, where it is establishing a headquarters. Recently Pullmantur sold a majority stake in its non-cruise businesses and brought in a new ceo who is a veteran of South America's airline industry. In the fourth quarter of 2012, Royal Caribbean had taken a $413.9m impairment charge for Pullmantur.